Too often in writing we employ literary mechanisms without even realizing. Having a better understanding of these techniques will further expand your literary tool chest. These are only a few beginners definitions but periodically I will cover more advanced and in depth terminology.

Onomatopoeia is a word that imitates the sound it represents.
also imitative harmony
splash, wow, gush, kerplunk.

Juxtaposition In literature, it's when one theme or idea or person or whatever is paralleled to another.
Superman and Lex Luther.

Hyperbole is exaggeration or overstatement.
She's as big as a house.

Alliteration is the repetition of initial sounds in neighboring words.
Robert Frost's "The Death of the Hired Man" begins:
“Mary sat musing on the lamp-flame at the table
Waiting for Warren. When she heard his step. . . “

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